A child’s first day of school—a landmark moment for the youngest students and their parents around the world—has been delayed due to COVID-19 for an estimated 140 million young minds, UNICEF said in a new analysis released as summer break comes to end in many parts of the world.
For an estimated eight million of these students, the wait for their first day of in-person learning has been over a year and counting, as they live in places where schools have been closed throughout the pandemic.
“The first day of school is a landmark moment in a child’s life—setting them off on a life-changing path of personal learning and growth. Most of us can remember countless minor details—what clothes we wore, our teacher’s name, who we sat next to. But for millions of children, that important day has been indefinitely postponed,”said UNICEF Executive Director Henrietta Fore. “As classes resume in many parts of the world, millions of first graders have been waiting to see the inside of a classroom for over a year. Millions more may not see one at all this school term. For the most vulnerable, their risk of never stepping into a classroom in their lifetime is skyrocketing.”
The first grade sets up the building blocks for all future learning, with introductions to reading, writing, and math. It’s also a period when in-person learning helps children gain independence, adapt to new routines, and develop meaningful relationships with teachers and students. In-person learning also enables teachers to identify and address learning delays, mental health issues, and abuse that could negatively affect children’s well-being.
In 2020, schools globally were fully closed for an average of 79 teaching days. However, for 168 million students, after the pandemic began, schools were shuttered for nearly the entire year. Even now, many children are facing an unprecedented second year of disruption to their education. The associated consequences of school closures – learning loss, mental distress, missed vaccinations, and heightened risk of drop out, child labour, and child marriage – will be felt by many children, especially the youngest learners in critical development stages.
While countries worldwide are taking some actions to provide remote learning, at least 29 per cent of primary students are not being reached. In addition to lack of assets for remote learning, the youngest children may not be able to participate due to a lack of support using the technology, a poor learning environment, pressure to do household chores,or being forced to work.
Studies have shown that positive school experiences during this transition period are a predictor of children’s future social, emotional and educational outcomes. At the same time, children who fall behind in learning during the early years often stay behind for the remaining time they spend in school, and the gap widens over the years. The number of years of education a child receives also directly affects their future earnings.
Unless mitigation measures are implemented, the World Bank estimates a loss of $10 trillion in earnings over time for this entire generation of students. Existing evidence shows the cost of addressing learning gaps are lowerand more effective when they are tackled earlier, and that investments in education support economic recovery, growth and prosperity.
In India, most schools have remained closed for 15 months since March 2020. This has affected over 247 million children – leading to a huge learning loss, missed hot cooked meals affecting nutritional levels, adverse impact on physical and mental health, and increasing risk to abuse. There are also reports of rise in cases of child labour and child marriages. Children’s ability to read, write and do basic mathematics has suffered. In addition to the digital divide, studies also suggest that remote learning is difficult for children in many places.
With appropriate safety protocols and risk mitigation measures in place, schools can be safer environments for children than being out-of-school.
UNICEF India advocates for safe re-opening of schools, with a focus on getting younger children back to school first as they have a seemingly low infection and susceptibility rate to transmit the virus.
Dr Yasmin Ali Haque, UNICEF India Representative said, “Safe re-opening of school for all children, especially for the youngest is a priority. Children have faced a severe learning loss and cannot afford any more disruptions to their learning, their mental wellbeing, or to the many other school-based services on which they depend. The youngest children suffer the most as they learn best in person, they also have less access to remote learning tools;they learn and retain less through remote learning. Working together with parents, schools need to be made safe to bring all children back to school, including those most vulnerable and at risk of dropping out.”
“In states where community-based classes have been held, children have attended in good numbers indicating they are keen to learn and go back to school. It’s time we reopen schools safely at the earliest.”
UNICEF urges governments to reopen schools for in-person learning as soon as possible,and to provide a comprehensive recovery response for students. Together with the World Bank and UNESCO, UNICEF is calling for governments to focus on three key priorities for recovery in schools:
- Targeted programmes to bringall children and youth back in school where they can access tailored services to meet their learning, health, psychosocial well-being, and other needs;
- Effective remedial learning to help students catch up on lost learning;
- Support for teachers to address learning losses and incorporate digital technology into their teaching.
“Your first day of school is a day of hope and possibility—a day for getting off to a good start. But not all children are getting off to a good start. Some children are not even starting at all,” said Fore.” We must reopen schools for in-person learning as soon as possible, and we must immediately address the gaps in learning this pandemic has already created. Unless we do, some children may never catch up.”
In the following weeks, UNICEF will continue to mobilize its partners and the public to prevent this education crisis from becoming an education catastrophe. Online and offline campaigns will rally world leaders, teachers, and parents around a common cause: reopen schools for in-person learning as soon as possible. The future of the world’s most vulnerable children is at stake.